The Old City Walls
What remains of the city’s early defensive structures are referred to as the Section of the Old City Walls. Constructed as early as 1569, they are a remnant of an early Portuguese tradition of constructing defensive walls around their port settlements, and the tradition was repeated in Africa and also in India. In Macau, the section remaining, bears testimony to the use of local techniques of the era and building materials, particularly a solid compound known as “Chunambo” by the Portuguese. Chunambo is an elaborate mixture of clay, soil, sand, rice straw, crushed rock, and oyster shells, compacted in successive layers, a Chinese building material.
After a failed attempt by the Dutch to invade Macau, the walls were fortified and greatly improved by the Ming dynastic authorities in 1622 to withstand future military attacks. Because the wall was not properly maintained in following centuries, it slowly collapsed and only small portions still remain. However, one of these small portions have been added to the Historic Center of Macau in 2005 in a conservation effort to keep what remains of the walls alive into the future.
There is no closing or opening time, visitors can examine the old city walls anytime they wish, as they stand a testament to the old fortifications of the city made by the Portuguese.
A Section of the walls can be found by the A-Ma Temple
Bus routes nearby: 3, 3X, 4, 6A, 8A, 18A, 19, 26A, 33, N1A
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